Living in build-up areas presents its own challenges to growing fresh herbs and vegetables. For many gardeners, the optimum conditions most vegetables and herbs prefer—eight to 10 hours of full sun—just aren’t possible. This can be due to trees or shadows from nearby buildings. Luckily, shade doesn’t have to prohibit gardeners from growing their own food. If you start with the most shade-tolerant crops, take extra care to provide fertile soil and ample water, you can establish a productive shade garden and harvest a respectable variety of veggies.
To get a bit more sun light through consider the following:
1. Remove low-hanging branches from nearby trees,
2. Use raised beds (square foot garden) and liners to discourage tree roots from wicking water and nutrients away from crops, especially when you are growing root crops.
Top crops for shady areas:
Rocket: welcomes shade, as this crop is prone to bolting as soon as the weather turns warm if in full sun,
Oriental vegetables: such as Pak Choi and Tatsoi will grow wonderfully with a couple hours of sun plus some bright shade or ambient light,
While many culinary herbs need full sun, chives, coriander, garlic chives, golden oregano, lemon balm, mint, oregano and parsley will usually perform well in shadier gardens.
Lettuce is perfect for shadier gardens because the shade protects it from the sun’s heat, preventing it from bolting as quickly. Often, the shade can buy a few more weeks of harvesting time that you’d get from lettuce grown in full sun.
Beets, carrots, potatoes, radishes and turnips will do OK in partial shade, but you’ll have to wait longer for a full crop. The more light you have, the faster they’ll mature. Alternatively, you can harvest baby carrots or small new potatoes for a gourmet treat that would cost an arm and a leg at a grocery store.
Spinach welcomes shade, as it bolts easily if in